Early Middle Ages

Roughly spans the years: 500 AD—1000 AD; Essentially the fall of Rome that end ancient time southern Europe, and through the beginning of Capetian France and renewed Holy Roman Empire under Otto I, usually, also including the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Clothing, 6-9th century CE

Anglo-Saxon England: Explore how the Anglo-Saxon era transformed England, from cultural fusion and linguistic evolution to the establishment of enduring legal systems.

Fresco of dancing Peucetian women from the Tomb of the Dancers in the Corso Cotugno necropolis of Ruvo di Puglia. End of the fifth century BC or mid-fourth century BC. Naples National Archaeological Museum

Italian Early Medieval timeline is a tapestry of historical events that spans from the fall of Rome to the emergence of vibrant city-states in the 11th century

  • September 15, 2023
  • 24 Min Read
Depiction of the Varangian Guard (above) in the 11th century chronicle of John Skylitzes

Varangian Guard was an elite unit of the Byzantine Army from the tenth to the fourteenth century who served as personal bodyguards to the Byzantine emperors.

  • August 6, 2023
  • 8 Min Read
Statue of Saint Willibrord in Utrecht

Anglo-Saxon missions: Anglo-Saxon churchmen crossed the English Channel to the European continent to spread Christianity across the pagan lands.

Bayeux Tapestry

The 11th century in Europe witnessed power shifts, Byzantine decline, Norman conquests, and a schism in Christendom, shaping the High Middle Ages.

Excerpt from folio 48r of Harley MS 2278. The scene depicts brothers Hinguar and Hubba slaying Christians in the north of England.

The Great Heathen Army: A Viking force like no other, sweeping across lands, leaving a trail of destruction and rewriting history.

Ragnar Lodbrok with sons Ivar and Ubba, 15th-century miniature in Harley MS 2278 folio 39r

Ragnar Lodbrok, the legendary Viking chieftain, continues to captivate imaginations with his audacious exploits and indomitable spirit.

Empty fifteenth-century tomb of King Æthelstan at Malmesbury Abbey

Æthelstan's triumphs stand as a testament to his leadership and indomitable spirit. As the first King of England, he unified the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms.

Battle of Brunanburh

Brunanbruh, a legendary battle fought in the 10th century, that shaped the destiny of nations and left an indelible mark on Anglo-Saxon history.

Bulgarians defeat the Byzantines at Anchialos

The 10th century saw significant developments in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East., together with Viking raids, Byzantine splendor, and the rise of Islam.

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