Early Middle Ages

Roughly spans the years: 500 AD—1000 AD; Essentially the fall of Rome that end ancient time southern Europe, and through the beginning of Capetian France and renewed Holy Roman Empire under Otto I, usually, also including the Norman Conquest

Medieval illustration of men harvesting wheat with reaping-hooks or sickles, on a calendar page for August. Queen Mary's Psalter

Feudalism was built around the concept of the fief, a grant of land given by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and military service.

Charles Martel at Battle of Tours, Great Chronicles of France

The Battle of Tours was a pivotal conflict in 732, where Frankish forces led by Charles Martel defeated the invading Umayyad Caliphate army.

The Venerable Bede translating the Gospel of John on his deathbed

Bede, also known as The Venerable Bede, was an English monk, author, and scholar. His most famous work was the Ecclesiastical History of the English People.

Siege of Constantinople - Image from an illuminated manuscript, the Madrid Skylitzes, showing Greek fire in use against the fleet of the rebel

Siege of Constantinople in 717–718 was a combined land and sea offensive by the Umayyad Caliphate against the capital city of the Byzantine Empire.

King Don Rodrigo haranguing his troops at the battle of Guadalete

The Umayyad Caliphate expanded into Hispania from 711 to 718. The conquest resulted in the defeat of the Visigothic Kingdom and the establishment of Al-Andalus.

Charles Martel at Battle of Tours, Great Chronicles of France

The 8th century: a time of transformative change that shaped the world, from the rise of Islam to the Viking Age.

Image 4 of Codex Amiatinus.

Codex Amiatinus, the earliest complete one-volume Latin Bible to survive, was produced in 700 at the Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey in Northeast England.

Lyminge monastery in kent

Lyminge, a monastery in Kent, was found to be more resilient to Viking attacks than previously believed, according to research by the University of Reading.

Excerpt from folio 47v of Harley MS 2278. The scene depicts Hinguar and Hubba setting out to avenge their father, Lothbrok

Ivar's Invasion: The mysterious Viking leader known as Ivar the Boneless left a lasting impact in England and Ireland. Uncover his legends and facts.


The Worst Year in History: The volcanic winter of 536 was a time of extreme climatic cooling, crop failures, famine, and the Plague of Justinian. It initiated the Late Antique Little Ice Age.

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