High Middle Ages

This category is for the High Middle Ages — the traditional second division of the overall Middle Ages or Medieval Period in Europe and into Western Asia, generally during the 11th, 12th, & 13th-centuries.

Depiction of Matilda in the 12th-century Gospels of Henry the Lion

The Lady of the English: Matilda's quest for the English throne during the Anarchy reveals a tale of ambition, struggle, and resilience.

A depiction of a bustling medieval town, showcasing Gothic architecture and the vibrancy of economic and cultural life during this period.

The 12th Century: A cultural rebirth began, laying Renaissance foundations with economic shifts, Gothic art emergence, and societal transformations.

The Great Famine 1315-1317

The Great Famine (1315-1317) ravaged Europe, ending a period of prosperity and leading to widespread hardship.

Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders (1847) by Émile Signol

Siege of Jerusalem in 1099, witnessed a month-long siege, leading to a Christian kingdom's establishment and significant religious transformations.

An illustration of Kerbogha besieging Antioch, from a 14th-century manuscript in the care of the Bibliothèque nationale de France

Antioch's Fate in the First Crusade: A pivotal siege of Antioch in 1097-98 leading to the establishment of the Principality of Antioch by Bohemond of Taranto.

The leaders of the Crusade on Greek ships crossing the Bosporus, a romantic painting from the 19th century

The First Crusade was the first of a series of religious wars initiated, supported and directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period.

  • November 5, 2023
  • 12 Min Read
Castruccio Castracani with a leopard, Florence, San Marco to Palazzo Medici Riccardi

Castruccio Castracani, a 14th-century Italian leader, was known for his military brilliance and political acumen.

Guelphs and Ghibellines

Guelphs and Ghibellines, medieval Italian factions, fiercely clashed over papal and imperial loyalties in a turbulent historical rivalry.

Peter the Hermit shows the crusaders the way to Jerusalem. French illumination (about 1270)

Peter the Hermit's fervent mission sparked the People's Crusade, mobilizing thousands for the First Crusade in 1096.

Offa of Mercia

King Offa of Mercia (757-796 AD), a powerful ruler in Anglo-Saxon England, reshaped his realm's destiny and clashed with the Church.

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