Siege of Constantinople - Image from an illuminated manuscript, the Madrid Skylitzes, showing Greek fire in use against the fleet of the rebel

Siege of Constantinople in 717–718 was a combined land and sea offensive by the Umayyad Caliphate against the capital city of the Byzantine Empire.

King Don Rodrigo haranguing his troops at the battle of Guadalete

The Umayyad Caliphate expanded into Hispania from 711 to 718. The conquest resulted in the defeat of the Visigothic Kingdom and the establishment of Al-Andalus.

The Umayyad Caliphate - Muhammad Conquers Mecca & Destroys Its Idols

The Umayyad Caliphate was the first great Muslim dynasty that conquered and ruled a vast stretch of land from the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Europe

Handwritten Qur’an in Kufic script, from Iran, dating to the later 11th century CE

The Role of Muhammad in Islamic Faith and Practice is paramount as he is considered the last prophet and the example for Muslims to follow in their daily lives.

Pages from a Qur'an in Hijazi

Islam's emergence in the 7th century AD brought about significant changes in the political, economic and social landscape of the time.

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