Castruccio Castracani with a leopard, Florence, San Marco to Palazzo Medici Riccardi

Castruccio Castracani, a 14th-century Italian leader, was known for his military brilliance and political acumen.

Guelphs and Ghibellines

Guelphs and Ghibellines, medieval Italian factions, fiercely clashed over papal and imperial loyalties in a turbulent historical rivalry.

Fresco of dancing Peucetian women from the Tomb of the Dancers in the Corso Cotugno necropolis of Ruvo di Puglia. End of the fifth century BC or mid-fourth century BC. Naples National Archaeological Museum

Italian Early Medieval timeline is a tapestry of historical events that spans from the fall of Rome to the emergence of vibrant city-states in the 11th century

Norman Castle in Bari

The Epic Norman Siege of Bari took place 1068–71, during the Middle Ages, when Norman forces laid siege to the city of Bari.

The Iron Crown of the Lombards

The Lombards or Langobards (Latin: Langobardi) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774

Theodoric's Palace - Sant'Apollinare Nuovo - Ravenna

Theodoric the Great was the king of the Ostrogoths who invaded Italy and deposed King Odoacer. He ruled over a kingdom of Romans and Goths from 493 - 526 CE.

Alaric I (r. 394-410 CE) was a Gothic military commander who is famous for sacking Rome in 410 CE, which was the first time the city had been sacked in over 800 years.

Featured Image of Statue

The Sacking of Rome in 410 CE was undertaken by the Visigoths led by Alaric. At that time, Rome was no longer the capital of the Western Roman Empire,

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