Religious History

The history of religion refers to the written record of human religious feelings, thoughts, and ideas.

Teaching at Paris, in a late 14th-century Grandes Chroniques de France: the tonsured students sit on the floor

The Birth of the University marked a scholastic revival, merging ancient wisdom with medieval thought, propelling a quest for knowledge in the 12th Century.

19th-century religious card depicting Benedict IX

The Tale of Benedict IX: A pope thrice, his reign marked by bribery, scandal, and the unique sale of the papacy, reshaping medieval Rome.

Pope John XII's Cornonation of Otto I

Pope John XII, young ruler of the Papal States, clashed with Lombards and allied with King Otto I, amidst a reign marked by controversy and political intrigue.

The Cadaver Synod: Pope Formosus and Stephen VI 1870

Pope Formosus' Trial, also known as the Cadaver Synod, was a macabre ecclesiastical trial in medieval Rome, sparking public outrage.


The Papacy: The journey spans from Peter to present—enduring persecution, power shifts, and historic schisms. Explore the evolution of the Catholic Church in the Medieval Era.

Pope Urban orders First Crusade

Faith and Warfare: The Council of Clermont in 1095 marked a pivotal moment when Pope Urban II called for the First Crusade.

Statue of Saint Willibrord in Utrecht

Anglo-Saxon missions: Anglo-Saxon churchmen crossed the English Channel to the European continent to spread Christianity across the pagan lands.

Cluny Monastery

Cluny's Monastic Reform: A transformative movement that revived spirituality, reshaped religious practices, and influenced medieval culture.

Lyminge monastery in kent

Lyminge, a monastery in Kent, was found to be more resilient to Viking attacks than previously believed, according to research by the University of Reading.

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