The Legend of Madoc the Voyager

Madoc the Voyager, also known as Madog ab Owain Gwynedd, was a Welsh prince who, according to legend, set sail from Wales in the 12th century and landed in North America, long before the arrival of Christopher Columbus. While the veracity of this tale has been called into question by historians, the legend of Madoc has persisted for centuries, and has even been used to support claims of Welsh influence in the New World.


Shakoka, A pretty Mandan Girl, George Catlin 1832.
Shakoka, A pretty Mandan Girl, George Catlin 1832.

The Legend

The story of Madoc’s voyage to America first appeared in the 16th century, in a poem by the Welsh bard, Gruffudd ap Adda. According to the poem, Madoc was the son of Owain Gwynedd, a prince of the kingdom of Gwynedd in North Wales. Frustrated by the constant fighting and power struggles within his own kingdom, Madoc decided to set sail in search of a new land where he and his followers could live in peace.

After sailing across the Atlantic, Madoc and his men supposedly landed on the shores of what is now the United States, where they encountered a Native American tribe called the Mandan. The Mandan are said to have welcomed Madoc and his men, and the two groups lived peacefully together for many years.

Over time, the legend of Madoc the Voyager has taken on many different forms. Some versions of the story suggest that Madoc and his men intermarried with the Mandan, and that their descendants went on to play a significant role in the development of North America. Others claim that Madoc’s voyage was much more widespread, and that he explored much of the continent, leaving behind evidence of his presence in the form of Welsh words and place names.

Despite the enduring popularity of the Madoc legend, there is little concrete evidence to support the claim that he actually made it to North America. While some proponents of the theory have pointed to the presence of Welsh words and place names in the United States as evidence of Madoc’s voyage, others have argued that these could easily be the result of other, more recent Welsh immigration to the New World.

Despite the lack of definitive proof, the legend of Madoc the Voyager continues to captivate the imagination of people around the world. Some have even suggested that Madoc’s voyage could have been the inspiration for the famous 1492 voyage of Christopher Columbus, who is credited with discovering America.

Whether or not Madoc the Voyager actually set foot on North American soil, his story serves as a testament to the enduring human desire to explore and discover new lands. It is a reminder of the bravery and determination of those who set out into the unknown, in search of a better life for themselves and their families.

In conclusion, Madoc the Voyager is a legendary figure whose tale has captivated people for centuries. While the veracity of his voyage to North America may never be definitively proven, the legend of Madoc serves as a reminder of the human desire to explore and discover new lands, and the bravery and determination of those who set out into the unknown.



  • Admin. (2021). Prince Madoc from Ancient Origins magazine. | Tours Of Wales.
  • Work by Charles Marion Russell

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