Legend of Robin Hood in English Folklore

The legend of Robin Hood is one of the most enduring and beloved stories in English folklore. For centuries, people have been captivated by the tale of a heroic outlaw who steals from the rich and gives to the poor, all while outwitting the corrupt authorities that pursue him. The exact origins of the legend are shrouded in mystery, but it is believed to have first emerged in the 13th or 14th century. Over the years, the story of Robin Hood has been told and retold in countless books, films, plays, and TV shows, each adding their own unique twist to the tale.


The Legend

According to the legend, Robin Hood was a skilled archer and swordsman who lived in Sherwood Forest, a vast expanse of woodland that stretched across much of central and southern England. He was known for his bravery, his cunning, and his fierce loyalty to the people he protected. Despite being an outlaw, Robin Hood was seen as a hero by the common folk, who admired his willingness to stand up for their rights and fight against the oppressive nobles and officials who sought to exploit them.

One of the most famous elements of the Robin Hood legend is his band of Merry Men, a group of skilled warriors who fought alongside him and helped him carry out his mission. Among the Merry Men were some of the most iconic figures in English folklore, including Little John, a giant of a man who was Robin’s closest friend and second-in-command; Will Scarlet, a hot-headed young warrior with a quick temper and a quick blade; and Friar Tuck, a rotund monk who was a skilled fighter and a loyal member of the group.

The legend of Robin Hood is filled with exciting adventures and daring escapes, as Robin and his Merry Men outmaneuvered the authorities and outwitted their enemies. They stole from the rich and gave to the poor, using their skills and their wits to fight against injustice and oppression. One of the most famous stories about Robin Hood involves him stealing from the wealthy Sheriff of Nottingham, a corrupt official who was hated by the people for his greed and his cruelty. According to the legend, Robin Hood and his Merry Men would waylay the Sheriff’s tax collectors, taking the money that was meant for the Crown and using it to help the poor and needy.

Despite his outlaw status, Robin Hood was said to be a man of great honor and integrity. He was known for his generosity and his willingness to help those in need, and many people saw him as a champion of the common folk. In some versions of the legend, Robin Hood is even depicted as a nobleman who has been wrongly accused of a crime and forced to flee into the forest, where he becomes an outlaw in order to fight against injustice.

Over the years, the legend of Robin Hood has been adapted and reinterpreted countless times, with each new version adding its own unique twist to the tale. Some versions of the story depict Robin Hood as a romantic hero, fighting for love and justice in equal measure. Others portray him as a more complex and nuanced character, struggling with his own personal demons and the weight of his responsibilities.

Regardless of how it is told, the legend of Robin Hood remains one of the most enduring and beloved stories in English folklore. Its themes of bravery, honor, and fighting against injustice continue to resonate with people all over the world, making it a timeless tale that will be told and retold for generations to come.


History or Legend

There have been numerous historical studies on the legend of Robin Hood. The legend is thought to have originated in England in the 14th century, and it has been the subject of many books, articles, and other scholarly works over the years.

Historians have tried to determine the origins of the legend and to identify possible real-life figures who may have inspired the story. Some historians believe that the legend of Robin Hood may have been based on a real person or persons who lived in England during the Middle Ages.

However, the legend of Robin Hood has also been the subject of much folklore and myth-making over the centuries, and it is difficult to separate the facts from the fiction. 

The legend of Robin Hood has had a significant impact on popular culture and has been a popular subject of literature, film, and television for centuries. It has also had a lasting impact on the way that people think about issues such as social justice, resistance to authority, and the role of the individual in society.

One of the key themes of the Robin Hood legend is the idea of standing up for the rights of the poor and disadvantaged, and this has resonated with people throughout history. The story of Robin Hood and his band of outlaws taking from the rich and giving to the poor has been seen as a symbol of hope for those who feel oppressed or marginalized by society.

In addition to its cultural significance, the legend of Robin Hood has also had an impact on history. The stories of Robin Hood and his struggles against authority have been seen as a form of protest against injustice and oppression, and they have inspired people to fight for change and stand up for what they believe in.

Overall, the legend of Robin Hood has had a significant and enduring impact on society, and it continues to be a popular and enduring symbol of resistance and social justice.



  • Wikipedia Contributors. (2022, December 18). Robin Hood. Wikipedia; Wikimedia Foundation. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_Hood‌
  • Robin Hood | Legend & Ballads | Britannica. (2023). In Encyclopædia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Robin-Hood


License & Copyright

The copyright holder has published this content under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. When republishing on the web a hyperlink back to the original content source URL must be included. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.

If I have mistakenly misused any of your content, artwork, images or videos, please contact me on historymedieval62@gmail.com and I will take the necessary corrective action.


    Home » Legend » Legend of Robin Hood in English Folklore
    Help Preserve Medieval History!
    Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
    Verified by MonsterInsights